Lollipops (sometimes spelled
lollypops) show up in novels by Charles Dickens and other 19th century writers.
Back then, the word referred to sweet lozenges without a stick. Lollipops as we
know them today began to appear in the United States right before the Civil War;
small bits of sugar candy were put on the ends of pencils for children to nibble
In the 1880's, a New
Haven, CT maker of chocolate caramel candy found that putting the candies on a
stick made them easier to eat. One customer, George Smith, who was himself in
the confectionery business, liked the idea and applied it to the hard candies
that he and his partner, Andrew Bradley, made at the Bradley Smith Company.
In addition to being a candy maker, George Smith enjoyed going to the races and
at that time was impressed with a horse named Lolly Pop. Bradley Smith adopted
the moniker for its candy on a stick and patented the name in 1931. During the
Depression, the company stopped making candy for several years and thus the
trademark could not be enforced. Since then, lollipop has been the generic term
for the treasured treat, regardless of size, shape or flavor.
Source: Spangler Candy
A Racine, Wis., manufacturing company
claims credit for inventing the first lollipop machine. Racine
Confectioners Machinery Co. answered an East Coast candy maker’s
call to have a machine make hard candy on a stick in 1908. The
company created a machine that automated the lollipop making process
and could make 40 lollipops per minute.
However, others claim Samuel Born was
the first to automate the lollipop-making process. Lollipop
manufacturing grew independently in California and in 1916 Samuel
Born invented the Born Sucker machine. This machine automatically
inserted the stick, which added to the popularity of the confection.
San Francisco awarded Born the keys to the city for his invention.
Over time, lollipops have had
different looks. They have been traditional hard candy on a stick
and hard candy on a ring, some include bubble gum or chocolate as a
surprise center and some even spin or glow. Whether traditional or
novel, the lollipop is still enjoyed by many people.
Many thanks go out to Mr. Gregory Spangler
(Chairman of Spangler Candy Co) for allowing us to both use and share
this great information. If you would like to learn more about the amazing
Spangler Candy Company and/or about the fun and exciting candy industry, just
click right here.
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